Volunteers working with older people need to be aware of dementia which describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. If a volunteer or member of staff believes one of our clients may be suffering from dementia they should advise them to seek medical advice.
Below are some facts about Dementia, produced by the Alzheimer’s Society, which may help you identify clients that could be suffering from the illness.
Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes.
Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way. The different types of dementia tend to affect people differently, especially in the early stages. How others respond to the person, and how supportive or enabling the person’s surroundings are, also greatly affect how well someone can live with dementia.
A person with dementia will have cognitive symptoms (problems with thinking or memory). They will often have problems with some of the following:
Day-to-day memory – difficulty recalling events that happened recently
Concentrating, planning or organising – difficulties making decisions, solving problems or carrying out a sequence of tasks (eg cooking a meal)
Language – difficulties following a conversation or finding the right word for something
Visuospatial skills – problems judging distances (eg on stairs) and seeing objects in three dimensions
Orientation – losing track of the day or date, or becoming confused about where they are.
As well as these cognitive symptoms, a person with dementia will often have changes in their mood. For example, they may become frustrated or irritable, withdrawn, anxious, easily upset or unusually sad.
With some types of dementia, the person may see things that are not really there (visual hallucinations) or believe things that are not true (delusions).
Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms gradually get worse over time. How quickly dementia progresses varies greatly from person to person.
As dementia progresses, the person may develop behaviours that seem unusual or out of character. These behaviours may include repetitive questioning, pacing, restlessness or agitation. They can be distressing or challenging for the person and their carer.
A person with dementia, especially in the later stages, may have physical symptoms such as muscle weakness or weight loss. Changes in sleep pattern and appetite are also common.
For more information on dementia go to the Alzheimer’s Society website.